Microsoft’s all-new operating system, Windows 11, is ready to launch officially on October 5. Before that, the enthusiast users and developers are already testing Windows 11 Insider Preview using Microsoft’s Insider Program.
We have already discussed what new features Windows 11 will be offering and how it is different from Windows 10. Recently, Microsoft has revealed other exceptional Windows 11 under-the-hood tweaks that have created excitement among PC users who are running Windows 10 on a slightly older device. When Windows 10 users will upgrade their compatible PC to Windows 11, it will speed up even the old PC without upgrading the RAM or other hardware components.
In a fresh video released by Microsoft, Steve Dispensa, the VP of Enterprise Management, spoke about the performance optimizations in Windows 11. He explained three different scenarios in which Windows 11 will deliver better performance than Windows 10 and speed up the PC.
Let’s discuss them one by one.
Running a new Application on an Overloaded PC
Many users tend to use a number of applications simultaneously on their PC, such as browsers with multiple tabs, editing applications, messaging apps, and more. In such a scenario, opening a new application on a system with a lower RAM will take a lot of time since the PC is already overloaded with running applications. The system will become sluggish as there are not many CPU cycles available to maintain the proper running of the OS. To enhance the performance, you might have to close a few of the running applications.
With the Windows 11 OS, Microsoft is making significant changes in this. The introduction of Foreground Prioritization has changed the way the apps are prioritized on Windows 11. It ensures that PC performs faster even after being overloaded with already running heavy applications.
In the video, Dispensa has clearly mentioned that under the hood, Microsoft has done a lot of work in optimizing the Memory Management of the OS to favor the foreground applications more than the background apps so that they are prioritized with more RAM and other CPU components. For showing this, in the video, Dispensa launched MS Word and MS Excel files on the PC, which is already heavily loaded running other applications. Windows 11 was able to open those files easily without any lag or slow down.
But, the question is, how is this happening? Actually, Microsoft’s developers have made progressive changes in the resource allocation process in Windows 11. What it does is, steal the CPU cycles from the already running background applications and allocate them to the new programs you open.
Running multiple tabs on Edge Browser
Earlier this year, Microsoft introduced a new concept of Sleeping Tabs for their new Chromium-based Edge Browser. In this concept, if a tab is inactive on the Edge browser, all its resource power will be transferred to other active tabs, and opening a new tab won’t pressurize the CPU. This is a pretty helpful feature for the users who like to work by opening multiple tabs at once. If you use Edge on your Windows 10 system, the Sleeping Tabs can be enabled or disabled from the settings. On the Edge browser version that comes with Windows 11, the feature would be by default ON.
The Edge browser on Windows 11 will make inactive tabs to sleep within a particular period, usually 5 minutes. The inactive tabs would also hide in the background making the active tabs highlighted. Dispensa said that with Sleeping Tabs enabled, the Edge browser uses 32% less memory and 37% less CPU power. This automatically helps in maintaining the battery life of the device too.
Resuming from Sleep
By default, when you close the laptop lid, it automatically goes into a sleep state. On Windows 11, when your system enters the sleep state, the OS will keep your system RAM in the low-powered active state so that it can power up immediately after the sleep state is switched back to the active state. It means that you can immediately resume your paused work after changing the sleeping state of the PC back to normal. It’s similar to when you wake your smartphone by unlocking it.
In addition to this, two more optimizations happen. When you open the laptop’s lid and Windows 11 is back to operational status, the running applications will call for some hardware access. This process is highly optimized in Windows 11 to activate the applications quickly. Also, it is observed that the CPU’s instruction threads are freeing up more resources for the higher-priority tasks in Windows 11.
According to Dispensa, all these new developments have optimized the resume time from sleep for up to 25%.
These new performance optimizations in Windows 11 have made OS more desirable and the one to look forward to. By officially announcing these new developments, Microsoft is making it clear that Windows 11 is not just about good looks and modern UI. It has a lot more to offer, like improvement in performance and more. Microsoft is trying to change the Windows 11 perception of being a responsive and modern interface OS with the same functionalities as Windows 10.
Peter is an Electrical Engineer whose primary interest is tinkering with his computer. He is passionate about Windows 10 Platform and enjoys writing tips and tutorials about it.