How to optimize drives using Defrag in Windows 10

Optimize drive, earlier called disk defragmenter, is a tool that will rearrange the data on the disk drive to make your computer run more efficiently.

By default, your computer will optimize drives in the background using automatic maintenance features. You can, however, optimize your drives manually as well.

In this tutorial guide we would discuss how to optimize drives using Defrag in windows 10.

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Note: You can only optimize drives which are formatted using FAT, FAT32 or NTFS file system.

How to Optimize Drives in Windows 10:

  1. Open File Explorer and from the left panel click on This PC.

  2. Then, click on the Drive you want to optimize and then click on the Manage tab in the ribbon.
    Manage Drive Tools

  3. Click on the Optimize button.
    Optimize option

  4. Alternatively, right-click on the drive and click on Properties.

  5. Click on the Tools tab and then click on the Optimize tab.
    Tools

  6. Select the drive you want to optimize and click on the Analyze button to check if it needs to be optimized.Analyze or Optimize

  7. Finally, select the drive you want to optimize and click on the Optimize button.

Note: Optimizing a drive may take from few minutes to several hours depending on the size of the drive, data in it, and how much optimization has to be done.

How to Change the Optimization Schedule?

Windows automatically schedule optimization for the drives every week. However, you can change this frequency and schedule the drive optimization according to your preference.

  1. From the Optimize Drives window, click on Change settings.Change Optimize settings
  2. Then, choose the optimization frequency according to your preference.Change frequency
  3. Click on Choose to select the drives.Choose Drives
  4. Select the drives for Optimizationselect drives to optimize
  5. Finally, click OK to apply the settings.

What is Defragmentation?

Defragmentation is the process of picking up the pieces of data spread across the hard disk and putting them back together for the optimization purpose. When you perform any action on files and folders like writing, deleting, or resizing, the operation fragments and spread them across the drives. Eventually, it makes your PC work slower because now it takes longer to perform read and write action on those files.

So, you can use the Defragmentation option to speed up your PC.

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Can you Defrag an SSD?

Defragmentation is basically meant for the traditional hard disk drives (HDDs). You can use it to boost the time for reading and writing operations of your computer. However, in the case of SSD, because of its advanced technology, the read and write functions are quite fast, whether or not drive is fragmented. Therefore, we recommend not to defrag an SSD because defragging it may cause unnecessary wear and tear, leading to a shorter life span.

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